What kind of Wood is required to Build a Planter Box?

The wood used to construct a planter must have certain characteristics that make it long-lasting, such as insect and decay resistance, and it has to appear appealing in your landscape. Many wood planters may also be sealed or treated to prevent fading or greying of the wood, so nearly any sort of wood may be utilized to construct a planter. But there are a handful of common woods that supply the all of the characteristics essential to make a permanent, attractive planter.


Teak is a commonly used wood for outdoor furniture and planters. This honey-colored wood is highly resistant to rot and decay, which makes it ideal for your moist environment required to develop plants. Teak produces natural oils that protect it from the elements, but it will turn into a weathered grey color if it isn’t sealed about once each year. Some gardeners prefer this aged look and it does not impact the integrity of the wood.


Cedar is a planter material indigenous to North America that shares several attributes with teak. It is a lightweight, durable wood that resists splitting. Western Red Cedar is ideal as a planter wood, since it’s thermal coefficient, meaning that even on hot days, it’s cool, which is good for plant origins. Cedar can be naturally fungal and bacterial resistant and includes natural oils that preserve the wood even in humid climates. Cedar planters require little upkeep. A coat of sealant or stain will preserve the shade, but when left bare, cedar planters typically weather to an attractive silvery grey patina.


Redwood is a fast species of wood, which makes it a readily available planter material. This wood is durable and resists weathering and rot, but requires redesigning to avoid splitting. Like cedar and teak, redwood left unsealed will also turn a grey color. In case your redwood planter has weathered, the rich red colour may be restored using a coloured redwood sealer. Clean the wood with soap and water and rinse thoroughly before applying sealers into redwood planters.


The Cypress tree creates cypressine, which is a natural oil that serves as a preservative, which makes cypress planters durable and resistant to harsh weather conditions, insects and fungus. The shade of the wood varies, with hues of light to dark honey, and when planters are left outdoors, the wood takes on a light pewter shade over time. Cypress is lightweight, such as cedar, and it resists warping, splitting and splintering. Cypress heels match nearly any exterior fashion, and they require very little maintenance to keep on looking their finest. To keep the honey colour of the wood, seal it at least once each year using a product labeled for use on exterior cypress furniture.


Pressure-treated pine can be commonly utilized to construct pavers, but it has some drawbacks that natural woods don’t. Pressure-treated lumber is treated with chemical additives to make it rot, insect and weather resistant, but these are not ideal for vandalism which contain edible crops such as vegetables or herbs. Pressure-treated hardwood also tends to shrink over time and it doesn’t take paint or stain well unless the wood has dried out. Natural, untreated pine may also be used to construct pavers, but it has to be sealed to make it resistant to weathering, rot and fungus. Pine can also be soft, making it vulnerable to nicks, gouges and other damage.

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What Is a fantastic Plum Tree Fungicide?

Fungicides help control and prevent fungus in plum. Most plum tree fungi begin in the main crown or system of the tree, but some cause ripe fruit to rot prematurely. Frequency, timing and suitable application are essential to a successful fungus control or prevention program. Some of the best varieties of plum trees for your home garden comprise the Japanese plum tree and European plum trees because they bloom later than other kinds and therefore prevent damaging spring frosts.

Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot

Phytophthora root and crown rot spread quickly and can destroy a plum tree in one season. Permitting the main system of a plum tree to soak in standing water for 24 hours or more considerably raises the risk of these fungal diseases. Several fungicides can control phytophthora rot and crown rot. Effective fungicides include fosetyl-althat can be applied to the leaves each 60 days, and mefenoxam, which is applied in the early spring and fall. However, the best thing to do is avoid these respiratory disorders by not overwatering and deciding upon a site with well-drained soil.

Oak Root Fungus

Eradicating oak root fungus (Armillaria mellea), also called armillaria root rot, is rarely achieved. To attempt eradication, fumigate the soil with fungicides and eliminate the apparently healthy trees adjacent to the contaminated ones. Soil fumigant fungicides are are most likely to be effective in loamy soil, 5 feet deep or less. You could also try using sodium tetrathiocarbonate to eliminate oak root fungus, if the contaminated tree was planted for at least one year. If you know that the soil is infected with oak root fungus, then the best thing to do is plant plum trees (Prunus cerasifera) resistant to oak root fungus, like the varieties Myrobalan and Mariana.

Ripe Root Rot

You can prevent ripe root decay, mainly caused by the fungi Monilinia fructicola and Rhizopus stolonifer, with pre-harvest spraying of fungicides on uninjured fruit. For Monilinia, apply fungicides as early as four weeks prior to harvest the plums. For Rhizopus, apply fungicides you to 10 days before harvest. Powerful pre-harvest fungicides for both Monilinia and Rhizopus on plum trees comprise propiconazole, pyrimethanil, cyprodinil, pyraclorstrobin and myclobutanil.

Brown Rot Blossom and Twig Blight

Monilinia laxa and M. fructicola are the fungi that cause brown rot blossom and twig blight. If the plum trees you have are vulnerable to these diseases, you can prevent infection by making a delayed blossom application of fungicide. This means applying the fungicide when 20 to 40 percent of those flowers on the tree are in blossom. Powerful fungicides for brown rot blossom and twig blight comprise propiconazole, iprodione and thiophanate methyl, as well as acyprodinil, myclobutanil and pyrimethanil.

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How to Make Cushions More Comfortable

Cushions are a welcome buffer between yourself and difficult chair seats, but age and wear can take its toll. Few things are worse than stepping right into a chair only to discover that you are perched on cushioning bumps, flat cloth or poky buttons. Don’t toss out the entire chair. Sprucing up a pillow is a straightforward and cheap way to put the comfort back in your chair.

Pick the cushion up and shake it out completely. Cushions stuffed with down, feathers or loose fiberfill can get bunched up or compacted, therefore a great shaking is often all you need to make them more comfy.

Use a seam ripper to remove cosmetic buttons. They may provide visual appeal, but are generally not all that comfortable when you’re sitting on them.

Replace cushion padding to make the cushion thicker. Open the back seam with a seam ripper if the pillow cover does not have a zipper. Cut cotton batting and upholstery foam to fit inside this pillow cover. Spritz the upholstery foam with a light layer of spray adhesive and lay the cotton batting on top of it. This retains the cotton batting from wrinkling and bunching up under you when you sit on it again. Slip the upholstery foam and batting into the pillow cover and stitch the seam shut, where there’s no zipper.

Recover a pillow that is scratchy or manufactured from leather that is becoming scratched or torn. Assess the thickness, width and height of the pillow and also add 1 inch to each dimension to get the amount of fabric you want to recoup it. Remove the old cover or put a 1/2-inch-thick object of upholstery foam in top of this aged pillow and fit the new one about it.

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How to Cut Landscape Timbers to Form a Circle

Landscape timbers are implemented in retaining walls and as measures, borders and other characteristics throughout lawns for your rustic texture they bring to a site and their comparatively low price and ease of installation. Where you want to produce a curved retaining wall or edging or build a raised bed using a nearly circular shape, you will need to cut the ends of the timbers at non-90 degree angles to create the desired kind. With a miter box and saw will allow you to make very precise cuts, but various power saws also supply feasible cutting options. Furthermore, the cut ends of timbers are left vulnerable to decay and weathering, requiring treatment prior to installation.

Draw out or otherwise intend the design to your landscape timbers. Determine how large you want the circle to be, the size to each timber, how many timbers you will use and the angle the timber finishes must have. If you will use a miter box to guide your cuts, be sure that your intended angles for the timber finishes are angle options offered on the miter box.

Measure the planned timber length on a landscape wood and mark the position and line of the angled cut, employing a woodworking protractor or angle-finder as a guide. Merely prepare and saw one timber at one time, because you will use the cut edge of one as a guide for another timber.

Place the timber end in an appropriately big miter box, then aligning the intended cut line on the timber using the corresponding guide on the miter box. If the box has a clamp of any kind, use the clamp to secure the timber. Landscape timbers tend to be heavy enough that they move small during cutting, however, clamping them in position or having another person hold the timber stable is good practice.

Cut the wood along the intended line, utilizing the saw that accompanies the miter box or a different saw that is suitable for the miter box. Otherwise, you can carefully cut along the line with a handsaw, circular saw or chainsaw while a person holds the timber steady.

Use the trim end of the timber or the eliminated portion of timber as a guide to your cut on the next timber to make sure that they’ll fit together. Duplicate the cutting and rebooting process for the remaining timbers. After cutting each timber, check the cut edges together with the protractor or angle-finder to be sure they have the desired angle. Make adjustments or re-cut the timbers as required.

Brush a wood wax or wax meant for outdoor use on the recently cut ends of every part of landscape wood, applied according to sealer manufacturer directions.

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Lighthouse DIY Centerpiece

Lighthouses inspire a sense of history, steadfastness and romance. Sightseers travel to America’s historical lighthouses, attracted by the beauty and majesty of the landmarks, and enthusiasts utilize lighthouse decor in their houses and gardens. To celebrate your own lighthouse enthusiasm, make a lighthouse centerpiece for everyday decor or a special gathering. Pick the construction process that matches your ability level, and refer to photos of historical lighthouses for inspiration.

Make It from Cardboard

With minimum crafting skills and supplies, it is easy to transform a cardboard mailing tube into a lighthouse centerpiece. Cut the tube to the desired height and hot-glue one end to a chipboard base. Paint the lighthouse white, add red or black horizontal stripes, doors, windows and other details. To make the lantern room, then glue a tiny black plastic plate, right side up, to the top of this lighthouse. Glue a clear plastic cup, base down, to the plate and place a battery-operated tea light inside. To make the cupola, secure an uncontested black plastic bowl in addition to the cup. Use a glue you can reposition, such as glue dots, so you can access the light.

Build It from Wood

A wooden lighthouse centerpiece includes a conventional, handmade texture. Begin with a cylindrical or square wood post — purchased, or pulled out of the lumber stash — and cut it to the height you like. If the post includes a turned end cap or finial, then allow the shape to serve as the lighthouse’s lantern room and cupola. Otherwise, use a wood finial or a post cap using a hammer or dome shape. A lighted post cap, available at home-improvement shops, will give the lighthouse an authentic glow. To construct the centerpiece, use wood glue and screws to attach the post base to your plywood base. Attach the lantern room and cupola pieces, and paint the lighthouse from the shade and pattern you like.

Assemble It from Clay Pots

A lighthouse constructed from clay flowerpots produces a charming centerpiece that can be used indoors or outside. Use three or four clay pots in graduated sizes. Give the pots a coat of primer, utilize outdoor acrylic paint to generate the body of their pots white as well as the rims red or black. To construct the lighthouse, put the greatest grass upside down and implement cement glue or a different weatherproof glue across the outer edge of the grass base. Place the next pot upside down on the very first grass, making sure the glue holds. Glue and stack the rest of the pots, maintaining the tower straight as you go. Paint doors, doors and other details about the lighthouse, and top it with a battery-powered lantern.

Finish It with Truth

Whether your lighthouse is created of cardboard, wood or clay pots, it will require some finishing touches before it is worthy of centerpiece status. Place the lighthouse at the center of the table and surround it with stones, shells or decorative fishnet to make a vignette. Enhance the tablescape with toy ships, buoys or other miniatures in case your home or party has a nautical theme. If the centerpiece is to get a birthday party or wedding, add flowers and table confetti from the centerpiece arrangement to unify it with the other party decor. To get a gathering of lighthouse buffs, make a centerpiece for every table. Paint every in the style of a different historic lighthouse.

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What Colour Tile Goes With a Black Leather Sofa?

A black leather sofa could be the most complex piece in your living room — or it could be Moby Dick’s dark twin, a leviathan that overlooks the space. Weave that lavish expanse of smooth black to your decor, beginning at floor level. A tile floor in the living room is unexpected and substantial enough to balance a very strong piece of furniture. Consider a few of the many alternatives before deciding which tile gets to share space with your trophy couch.

Flame and Shadow

Leather is a powerful natural material, and so is clay. Park that the showpiece sofa on a warm, vibrant, terra-cotta tile floor and enjoy the abundance of textures that include the contrasting colors. Terra cotta has myriad hues, from orange to a kind of faded-autumn-leaf-brown to your variegated swirl of oranges, yellows, blues, greens and other mineral shades. The tiles are big squares — the classic design — polygons, or smaller tiles set in patterns such as herringbone. Keep the floor design simple so you do not overwhelm the couch. And associate the two leather sofa and glazed floor using a silk accent cushion or an angora throw in pumpkin or burnt orange.

Skins and Fossils

The leather couch is dyed animal mask; the floor is slabs of mini embedded fossils, millions of years old. Limestone is lacy, chalky and lovely, studded with tiny shells and the shapes of whatever animals were compressed to an ancient seabed. Limestone is the lighting to black leather’s dark, but it requires more care than do other types of tile. The stone is comparatively delicate, so protect it from furniture legs, tracked in dirt and heavy traffic. Seal limestone tile, dry-mop it regularly and wipe up any spills immediately; even a sealed floor will absorb red wine. Harness the contrast in colors between sofa and tile using a black and limestone-white area rug under the sofa or a runner above the frequent footpath worn by the traffic pattern within the room.

Black on Black

Black tile floor is as dramatic as the black leather sofa, but a room could be overly stark and dark with no relief. Layer several rugs between the sofa and the tile. Rugs highlight the rich absence of color in leather and tile and ground the room so that it does not look like endless space. In a minimalist living room, solid neutral-colored rugs — a dove grey to pull the conversation room with a more compact caramel apartment weave under the coffee table — leave a broad edge of tile floor as a frame that mirrors the black couch. Contemporary decor is organized on a cream, gray and charcoal abstract patterned rug, and an oriental rug adds heat to conventional accessories and furnishings.

Patchwork Floor Quilt

The sofa is a declaration piece so the tile floor can shout a bit, or a whole lot, to create an interesting tension in the room. Tile the floor like a crazy patchwork quilt using bright ceramics: square glazed tiles in primary and secondary colors with lots of white and black along with a mishmash of layouts juxtaposed. Geometric color shapes mixed with arbitrary yellow, red and green tiles, thick white diagonal stripes, and a kaleidoscope of overlapping angles, half-circles and wavy lines are so energetic that the sofa becomes an island of peaceful dot from the exuberant room. The crazy tile does look to be quite a contemporary patchwork quilt on the floor. Any area rugs layered above the tile needs to be meticulously tested in the space to guarantee a rug does not detract from the sober sofa or the crazy tile.

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What Are Real Estate Notes?

Property notes are growing in popularity since a kind of investment product to the open housing market. A real estate note is made when two parties reach an agreement on a transaction which gives the capital to purchase a home or other sort of land to one party. Whoever is the holder of the real estate note is that the party that receives repayment regardless of who financed it initially.


When a party provides loan funding for a party that wishes to use the money to purchase a house, loan documents that guarantee the lending party will be repaid is called a real estate note. Property notes may be purchased and sold on the open market if wishes to profit on the loan repayment.


Loan agreements from many different real estate financing tools can be marketed as real estate notes. These include deeds of trust notes, land sale contracts or contracts for deeds. These documents Each cover the conditions of repayment for loan funding of property purchases. Investors should bear in mind that notes are available for residential, commercial and industrial properties; there are particular risks or benefits to holding real estate notes for each style of tenant.


Markets the investment product via brokerage firms or through funding financing firms. When the real estate note transaction has occurred, the selling party relinquishes the rights to collect on the loan agreement. A seller might have the ability to negotiate the sale of just a couple of repayment intervals instead of the whole duration of repayment.


As is always the case when making a substantial investment or sale, a person must get a number of quotes for their real estate note prior to entering into a transaction. Upfront fees charged for real estate note transactions or even a refusal to run a borrower credit check prior to issuing a quote is generally a red flag which could indicate an unethical investor who may be looking to take advantage of a vendor. Get a written purchase agreement for the transaction and ensure that you agree with the investor about the processing period on their payment prior to agreeing to a sale.


A party that’s wanting to sell a real estate note will most likely do this at a large discount, sometimes as high as 20 to 30 percent. Property notes which are not offered on mortgages do not include the property as collateral to the loan. Those holding a real estate note are taxed on their earnings, but at lower capital gains tax rates for passive income rather than other taxes on income.

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The Way to Find a Rent-to-Own House

You are currently looking for a house, but that voice in your ear tells you that you’re not very ready to purchase. Chances will be accessible and easy to find when the marketplace is flooded with homes for sale.

Proceed to Craigslist, set the area to the city that you’re currently looking at, and look at every day’s listings of homes for sale. Scroll through numerous pages to see what may be available. Rent-to-own opportunities will likely be combined somewhere, and with the ones for sale in the advertisement, a statement will be made regarding lease to own, or lease with an option to purchase known as a lease option.

Search on sites that specialize in rent-to-own homes. You’ll have the ability to narrow your search to town and your state. Lease 2 Purchase and US Lease Option are nationwide sites that cover most states. IRent To Own is another national website which specializes in homes. Choose your country, then city at the drop-down box on every website to learn what’s available.

Open your telephone directory to real estate companies that manage property sales. Contact and ask to talk with an agent. Inform the agent that you’re currently searching for a thing. Discuss your individual needs and desires. The agent will have the ability to seek advice from the MLS (Multiple Listing Service) for available properties. Any homes that have been for a period of time on the market can provide the option.

Drive around neighborhoods looking at homes that have”For Sale” signs ahead. “For sale by owner” (FSBO) homes won’t necessarily be found in property agent listings. Driving through areas is a fantastic method since you can see what else is in the area, and also look at how the homes and lawns are maintained. If the home is empty, the seller will wish to pay his expenses on the home, and will be very encouraged to negotiate with you.

Gather up local books for your area. Local papers always have a property section full of homes for sale. Some are listed with real estate firms and a few are for sale by owner. Other books are available. American Classifieds, previously known as”Thrifty Nickel,” can be obtained all over the United States, but is published with info particular to each area. This along with other news books advertise items including property, for sale. These may be located at gas stations and grocery stores, and at the front of restaurants and shopping centers.

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What's a Realty Sale?

In addition to standard real-estate transactions, home buyers and sellers may think about purchasing or selling a home via short sale. Although the short-sale process presents many different difficulties, it may be a beneficial selling solution for some homeowners. Investors and potential homebuyers may also benefit in prices, which can be significantly lower than market value. By hiring a real estate agent, familiarize yourself with the sale process.


According to the National Association of Realtors (NAR),”A short sale is a sales transaction in which the seller’s mortgage creditor agrees to accept a payoff of less than the balance due on the loan” Unlike a foreclosure, in which the creditor sells the home due to loan obligations, the homeowner executes a short sale. Short sales are commonly selected by homeowners who face financial hardship and have negative equity on their home.


The short sale process can be problematic for buyers and sellers. Sellers need to present their case to their mortgage lender for the short sale to be approved. They need to prepare a hardship letter, which is supposed to detail their financial situation and reasons for wanting a short sale, in addition to some other documents, such as pay stubs, tax returns, and mortgage and home purchase documents. According to the NAR, hiring a real estate attorney who is experienced with short sales may increase the possibility of receiving an application approved.

Time Frame

Short-sale program review may take quite a while, even if vendors are well-prepared. According to”REALTOR Magazine,” it might take around 2 weeks for short-sale application acceptance if you’ve got one mortgage, or as many as three weeks if you have two mortgages in the same company. If you have a few mortgages from various lenders, be prepared to wait as long as four weeks to discover if your program is approved. Be sure you have submitted all necessary files to your creditor and all paperwork is complete so as to lessen the inspection process.


Short sales offer you many different advantages for sellers and possible buyers. A short sale is often marketed as a desirable alternative. Though short sales do have their drawbacks, they are less financially harmful compared to a foreclosure. In a short sale, your home stays in your possession and you have more say in the selling process than you want at a foreclosure. Buyers benefit from lower-than-market prices and may have more hours to inspect the property and achieve funding.


Short sales aren’t without their disadvantages. Although a short sale may be more preferable to a foreclosure, it is surely not as rewarding as a normal sale. One of the primary drawbacks of a short sale is the period of time it can take for the whole approach. Furthermore, sellers may need to pay taxes on the quantity of the mortgage that has been left unpaid at tax time. For example, in the event that you short sell your home for $15,000 less than what you owe your creditor, and the creditor agrees to cancel the debt, you may be required to pay federal taxes on this amount. Although the Mortgage Debt Relief Act of 2007 allows for complete debt forgiveness for most homeowners, you should consult with your creditor or real-estate attorney to determine whether you will need to pay taxes in your canceled debt.

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How Do I Get Prequalified to Purchase a Foreclosure?

A loan pre-qualification is not a commitment from a lender to provide a home mortgage to you. As soon as you have applied to your loan only the underwriter can make that commitment. A pre-qualification is not the same as a pre-approval either, and won’t carry as much weight with the lender that’s selling the foreclosure. A pre-qualification from a lender will provide a ballpark figure of what you can afford to cover a foreclosure. With that in mind, you can go shopping.

Make a list of all your outstanding debts. Contain the monthly obligations. Also make a record of all your income sources and resources .

Find a lender, not a mortgage broker, that you want to conduct business with. A mortgage broker can’t provide you a loan pre-qualification. If you’re working with a real estate agent, she can refer you to a lender, or you can shop around and find one that is offering attractive prices. Be mindful unless you lock in a rate; that loan rates fluctuate daily, it’s subject to change.

Meet with the lender and notify her that you’re interested in bidding on a foreclosure. She’ll review your income and debt lists and provide you for. A credit report may run, but that’s generally reserved for loan application or the pre-approval.

Have a look at foreclosures in the purchase price range provided by the loan pre-qualification. When you find one that you would like to purchase, make a deal, subject to loan approval and subject to the house assessing for no longer than what you are providing.

Submit an application for a loan.

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