Month: December 2020

Can You Place Any Size Bar on a Stihl Chain Saw?

A chain saw’s manual bar determines the size of wood the saw can cut, and also the size of a saw engine determines, in large part, how long a bar the saw can handle. Guide bar length also results in the saw’s weight and ease of handling; a long manual bar is comparatively heavy, and it moves the saw’s centre of gravity away from the operator, making the saw trickier to control. All these factors lead Stihl to specify a recommended variety of guide bar lengths for each of its series saw models.

Homeowner Chain Saws

Saws designed to perform typical residential cutting and pruning tasks usually have smaller motors than heavy-duty saws, and they are able to handle only relatively short guide bars. Stihl recommends its MS 170, MS 171, MS 180, MS 181, MS 192 and MS 211 homeowner versions be outfitted with direct bars between 12 and 16 inches. The MS 250 and MS 251 versions are outfitted with larger 45 cc engines and are capable of forcing an 18-inch bar.

Heavy-Duty Chain Saws

A step up from homeowner saws are saws designed to handle bigger tasks in non-professional configurations; they are intended to be equally versatile and powerful. Stihl calls this kind of saws its own”Farm & Ranch” versions, and their engine sizes range from 50 cc to 64 cc. All these versions — which include the MS 271, MS 291, MS 311 and MS 391 — can take direct pubs between 16 and 20 inches.

Professional Chain Saws

The characteristics that differentiate Stihl’s professional-grade saws are intended to make the saws dependable, powerful, comfortable and equipped to stand up to the rigors of everyday use. The expert versions vary considerably in size, in the MS 150 arborist saw, which has a 12-inch bar, to the massive MS 880, whose 121.6 cc engine can deal with a 59-inch bar. At the middle of the range, versions include the MS 261, which can take a bar between 16 and 20 inches; the MS 362, which can accommodate a bar up to 25 inches; the MS 441 and MS 461, which can take a bar up to 32 inches; and also the MS 660, which carries a bar up to 36 inches.

In-Tree and Electric Saws

Saws designed to be used by professional arborists in trees, the MS 192 and MS 201 versions, can take direct bars between 12 and 16 inches. Stihl’s electrical saws come in 3 different sizes: the MSE 140 can take care of a bar between 12 and 16 inches, the MSE 180 can shoot a bigger 18-inch bar, and the MSE 220 carries a bar between 16 and 20 inches. The little battery-powered MSA 160 is equipped with a 12-inch bar.

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Should a Grow Light Be From Vegetable Plants?

Seedlings need extreme light to fuel their initial spurt of expansion and healthy leaf formation. They need 250 to 1,000 foot candles of light daily. A standard fluorescent bulb may provide enough light when it’s put close enough to the seedlings so they receive the optimum intensity. Multi-light fixtures supply more even lighting over a broader space, therefore all parts of the seedling can receive equal illumination.

Fluorescent Lights

Fluorescent bulbs don’t produce heat such as other lighting options, so it’s possible to place these considerably nearer to the seedlings. Putting the fixtures so that they are 2 to 6 inches above the surface of the foliage offers high-intensity light. The 2-inch height works well for smaller seedlings or if you’re using reflectors round the light tubes to better distribute the light. Placing the tubes at 6 inches provides light over a greater area, which can be favored for taller seedlings or if you don’t have reflectors installed. Use a combination warm-white or tubes and cool-white grow light.

Incandescent Lights

The heat from incandescent bulbs, such as a regular light bulb, can burn or dry out seedlings if it’s put too closel into the young plants. If you have to use incandescents, set them at least 12 inches above the tender seedlings. Incandescent lights don’t offer the suitable lighting spectrum for tender seedlings, so it’s best to blend these with natural sun or a fluorescent bulb when possible. Use a thermometer to manage the temperature with these bulbs. If the seedling area begins to warm above 75 degrees Fahrenheit, the bulbs are too close and may damage the crops.

Light Duration

Keeping the lights on long enough daily ensures that the seedlings get light. Even when set just above the seedlings, artificial lighting is poorer than sunlight. As the plants need sunlight generally, lights should be left on for the length of time. Most seedlings need eight hours of sun daily, therefore leave the lights on for 16 hours each day. Placing the lights closer won’t compensate for time that is insufficient . An automated timer works for handling them.

Lighting Stands

A lighting stand adjustment of light elevation. These flexible stands permit you to raise the lights as the seedlings grow, so you can quickly move the fixture into the correct height. As an alternative, you may hang a light fixture above the seedlings with hooks and a string, then correct the string length to raise and lower the lights. If you have to use a light that is fixed in place, set boxes or bricks beneath the seedling trays to lift them so they are the correct distance from the lights. Remove boxes from beneath the seedlings to reduce them further from the lights as they grow.

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How to Cover Up Smells and Odors in the Kitchen

While the kitchen often is full of temptingly aromatic scents, it also often suffers from unpleasant lingering smells from cooking residue or foods that are burnt. As many realtors bake cookies right before showing a house to eliminate the lingering scent of unappealing kitchen scents and infuse the air with the smell of inviting baked goods, there are also bake-free approaches to cover up odors and scents from the kitchen.

The Power of Vinegar

While that garlic-roasted chicken may have smelled so lovely last night before dinner, then you’re left dealing with remaining odor the next moment. Use vinegar to get more than whipping up salad dressing. Vinegar cleans and deodorizes, which makes it a safe and convenient choice for those seeking a natural way of getting rid of bad smells. Boil a solution of 3 tablespoons white vinegar and one cup of water for 15 minutes to neutralize odors. Put small cups of vinegar countertops throughout the space to deodorize while you sleep. As you are cooking, put a small bowl of vinegar next to the cooker to cover up smells as they happen.

A New Fridge

Several of the worst scents at a kitchen originate from the refrigerator and freezer. Nontoxic baking soda is well-known for its natural ability to eliminate odors. Catch an opened box at the refrigerator to soak up smells. Change the box out every 30 days to ensure freshness as baking soda’s powers weaken over time. The material of the old box can be used to clean different areas around the kitchen, such as garbage cans, seams and drains, even though it cannot be used for baking. For more powerful odors such a rotting fruit or spoiled meat, consider filling a clean sock with dried coffee grounds.

Wash Cabinets

Kitchen cabinets are another haven for unpleasant odors. To get a fast and effortless solution, put a charcoal brick from the cupboard to absorb smells. If the smell stays, remove all things from the cabinets to track down any hidden spills or other sources of the smell. Use a heavy duty cleanser spray, scrub with a sponge, rinse it clean and wipe dry. Put a bowl of white vinegar or baking soda from the cupboard, making sure it’s out of reach of little pets or hands. After a couple of days, the cabinets should smell new. In the event of especially nasty odors in porous wood cabinets, the smell may have penetrated the surface, which makes it almost impossible to eliminate. A fresh coat of paint is a way to cover up bad smells from cabinets in the kitchen.

An Herbal Haven

From warm and inviting spices such as cinnamon, clove and ginger to fragrant flowers such as roses, gardenias and jasmine, aromatherapy scents could ward bad smells. Look for candles, sprays and burning oils that deliver desired fragrances to the space. Even soaking a couple of cotton balls in vanilla delivers an appetizing smell while covering up bad smells, but be sure to keep them out of the reach of small children and animals. As an additional benefit, many of these scents are known to activate improved moods — in the calming affect of lavender into the invigorating allure of mint. Open up all windows to allow in fresh air when filling your house with these aromas.

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How to Clean and Protect Naugahyde Furniture

Naugahyde is a brand name for a synthetic material designed for looks and durability, frequently used on furniture. Oftentimes, a little dish soap mixed to water is all that’s needed to wash this material. Furniture wax serves as a protective spray-on coating suitable for Naugahyde, as advocated by the manufacturer.

Basic Cleaning

First wipe the Naugahyde with a damp, white cloth that’s nonabrasive. Water is sufficient to remove some dust and dirt, and using a white fabric guarantees no wax transfer into the stuff. In case the Naugahyde still appears soiled, squirt a little dish soap to hot water, swish it around, then dip a white fabric into the soapy solution, wiping down the furniture. Wash by wiping the item down with a clean damp cloth. If areas appear heavily soiled, scrub them with a toothbrush after applying the soapy water, then wipe clean with a damp cloth.

Protective Measures

Many Naugahyde fabrics are manufactured with a protective coating which helps resist stains. With time, this coat may lose its attractiveness. A furniture spray wax rubbed on clean Naugahyde restores the shine and provides some protection. To guard the Naugahyde’s tint, avoid using harsh chemical cleaners such as bleach or solvents, which might damage the first protective coating along with the material. Do not use paper towels or coloured fabric when cleaning, because these can transfer tints or masks onto the upholstery.

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The way to Make Cleaning Supplies That Smell Great

Walking into a house that reeks of food, mildew or other odors is an unpleasant encounter. Nasty smells aren’t only embarrassing, but also implies a lack of cleanliness. Ammonia and mothballs utilized to indicate a clean house, but more options exist now. While store-bought goods deliver powerful cleaning and typically have powerful scents, in addition they contain potentially harmful chemicals. Many homemakers prepare their very natural and fragrant cleaning equipment to create returning home a positive sensory experience.

Vital Oil Euphoria

The new scent of the essential oil is not only visually pleasing; it also packs a heavy-duty cleaning punch. Skip the harsh chemicals and save money by making your own solution using refreshing and fragrant essential oils. Simply add 1 tablespoon of a citrus oil, such as lemon or tangerine, or mix them, to your spray bottle of tap water to create an inexpensive, non-toxic solution that cleans and disinfects stovetops, showers and other household surfaces. Mixed to a bucket of water, two tablespoons of the essential oil provides an all-surface-friendly solution for wooden floors. Clean spots on timber tables using a small number of essential oil onto a cotton ball, which can be particularly effective against sticky spills and hand prints. Insert a drop of a quality olive oil into your mixture, buff with a soft, clean cloth and your hardwood table is going to shine.

Flower Power

Scrubbing the stove, sink and counter tops may seem like drudgery, but the job feels less like work when you surround yourself with the romantic scent of roses. Common baking soda has many family uses, among which is its ability to prevent corrosion by elevating pH values. In your blender or food processor, combine 1 cup of baking soda with 1 tablespoon of salt and 1/4 cup of fresh or dried rose petals. Sprinkle the pulverized mixture on your own cleaning zone and use a moist sponge to clean away dirt and grime. For pick-up carpets, use a combo of 1/4 cup of crushed fresh or dried lavender flowers with 3/4 cup baking soda plus 1/4 cup cornstarch. Sprinkle the mixture over your carpet or rug and let it set. Vacuum up a few hours later surrounded by the soothing scent of lavender.


A relaxing cup of herbal tea is not only a digestive remedy. Mix 2 gallons of warm water, 1/2 cup of white vinegar, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice juice plus 1/2 cup of strained peppermint tea to concoct a fine cleanser for wooden floors. The sky is the limit when it comes to using herbal tea for a cleaning source; experimentation with other scents such as ginger, lemon zinger and cinnamon spice. The best part is you don’t even need to rinse. To get a bright scent in a pinch, mix and match your favourite teas to your spray bottle and spritz rooms everyday with revitalizing mixtures of orange peel, chamomile, ginger, vanilla and more.

Benefits Abound

Making your own all-natural cleaning products does not only save money. These fresh-smelling products can also be non-toxic, safer for animals and creatures and irritant-free for most people with chemical sensitivities. These homemade solutions also encourage cleaner air so you’re not breathing in toxic fumes. In reality, research from the EPA indicates that inside air quality is considerably more polluted than the air just out, and store-bought compound cleaners perform a role in this unsettling statistic.

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How to Stain a New Picnic Table

Staining your picnic table allow it to blend with your outdoor decor, but that is not the principal intention of stain. As it’s formulated to resist sunlight and moistureand stain helps your table last longer. To get this benefit, however, you need to cover the table thoroughly.

No Sanding Needed

Examine the table for moisture content by sprinkling a few drops of water on the surface. If the wood absorbs them easily, the table is dry, but should they bead up, wait a few days before sealing the wood with stain. Once you’re sure the wood is dry, wipe the table with a moist rag, since new wood tables are often coated with a fine layer of wood dust. There should not be any requirement to sand your new table.

Stain the Underside First

Lay plastic sheeting on the floor and turn the table over — you will need help for this. Stain the undersides of their camel and benches, in addition to the legs and legs, by applying the stain using a paintbrush. Wipe off any stain that’s been consumed after about 5 minutes using a rag to keep color uniformity. Turn the table erect when you are done with the bottom and stain the cover of the table, then the seats, in addition to the borders and end grain. Allow the table dry overnight before applying it.

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Painting Over Powder-Coated Steel

Among home paint jobs, painting over powder-coated steel may seem the most frightening for the do-it-yourselfer. This work really does not need to be this tricky. A little basic prep work and cautious paint choice will likely have your powder-coated steel cabinets, furniture and entry doors seeming bright and brand new in no time.

Prep Work

If you’re able to, move the work to a tidy, well-ventilated space, or outdoors. Clean powder-coated surfaces thoroughly with all-purpose cleaner. If grime or grease remains, use mineral spirits and also medium steel wool to eliminate it. If the surface has peeling or delicate paint — it scratches with a fingernail — eliminate it with a putty knife or a razor blade scraper. Smooth the remaining paint and then give it a scratchy texture with 220-grit sandpaper. Sand rusty surfaces to bare metal, then wipe with mineral spirits.


Wash, powder-coated surfaces don’t require priming. Prime rusty surfaces with metal primer. Prime, too, surfaces with stubborn grease and grime. You don’t need to prime the entire job, just the affected regions. Pick light, light or dark primer to approximate the value of your top coat. Spray primers result in fast work and fast drying. Use exterior primer for exterior surfaces, such as steel entry doors.

Spray Painting

Painting with cans of satin, satin or gloss spray paint makes it easy, fast work that rather approximates the appearance of new powder-coated steel. Read the label instructions regarding temperature recommendations, drying times and other details about your goods. Holding the can 10 to 12 inches in the work, start spraying the surface off before spraying the true bit, moving the could from 1 end of the work until you’re off the surface in the opposite end. Repeat for complete reporting. Use the paint in several thin layers to cut back sags and drips.


If you can not move your work to a ventilated place, spraying may not be sensible. Use latex paint along with a synthetic brush, applying the paint in long, smooth strokes. On steel entry doors, use a brush and exterior latex paint to approximate the painted finish of a wooden door. Brush “with the grain” — where the grain could be about a wood door — for a realistic, hand-painted wood appearance. On cabinets and furniture, brush on doors and sides, and horizontally — or left right — about tops and drawer fronts.

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How to Identify the Agave Plant

Agave plants (Agave L.), using their iconic leaves and striking appearance, bring a dramatic existence and include a bold, geometrical nuance to landscape design at the American Southwest. Hardy at U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 11, agaves are ideal for the extremely arid conditions of the desert, having hard, spiny exteriors that protect their highly hunted moisture from natural predators. Although agaves share intrinsic attributes common to all succulents, like dense fleshiness and swollen leaves, several different features set them apart from other plants within their classification.

Examine the arrangement of the leaves close to the succulent’s foundation to get a rosette pattern. A rosette refers to a layered, circular arrangement of leaves or petals arising out of a stem to protect the plant. Rosettes on succulents like agaves result from short internodes, the part of the stem between two leaf nodes.

Search for thick, stiff symmetrical leaves ranging in shade from blue-gray to blue or gray to dark-blue with spiny margins that taper to a sharp point. The dark-red or black spines growing from the leaf margins are approximately 1/3-inch long and those growing from the tips grow to about 1/2-inch long.

Notice whether the form of the leaves fit the agave profile, which typically climb broad, long and slender or shaped like a spear.

Remove a leaf from the succulent, bisect it using lopping shears and examine its interior for moist, fibrous tissue running throughout. Just like succulents, the fibrous tissue helps the plant tolerate drought conditions by storing water.

Examine the plant to get inflorescence, a flowering construction with petals arising from a long stem, and also referred to as a mast. The agave’s mast grows a few feet from its own rosette, with a few varieties reaching a height of up to 30 feet.

Note the form and appearance of this succulent’s flowers growing from the inflorescence. Agaves grow spiked sections of yellow, cream or lime-green colored tubular flowers from their masts that develop so vigorously the plant often dies within a couple of days.

Examine the foundation of this succulent for several root suckers, called pups, growing nearby. The pups resemble little agave rosettes, and replace the plant after it dies on its own or with help from a spreading gardener.

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Why Do Ginkgo Tree Berries Stink?

Ginkgo biloba, known as maidenhair tree, is an intriguing ornamental, deciduous tree for U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. The tree is most often included with conifers, but its own botanical features make it a shrub that fits in with both conifers and ferns. The trees consist of the male and female trees, and it is the fruit of the female tree that produces an offensive scent.

Why Ginkgo Fruit Stinks

The female trees produce fruit in late fall. These fruits stink only when left on the ground to rot. The rotting fruit emits an odor that smells like vomit. The odorous fruit discharges butyric acid, which likewise gives rancid butter its horrible odor. The seeds contained inside the fruit are edible and also do not emit the putrid odor, because the odor comes from the fleshy outer layer, known as the sarcotesta. Male trees produce their flowers prior to the trees lose their leaves. All these catkins release their feces and drop off. Gingko trees are wind-pollinated.

Fruit Identification

The ripe fruits of the female ginkgo trees resemble little yellow plums. The fruit is all about 1/2 to 3/4 inch in diameter and more long than wide. In the fruit is a big, creamy seed that’s harvested and used for food. These seeds are easy to germinate, in small pots or in a greenhouse. You can set out the little, youthful ginkgo trees until they become rootbound in the pots.

Ginkgo Trees

Ginkgo trees can grow 70 to 80 feet tall, but the vast majority of trees more often reach 35 to 50 feet. The tree width is usually one-half to two-thirds the tree height, and the tree has an umbrella form. The fan-shaped leaves resemble the leaf of maidenhair ferns, which is where the tree receives its name. The foliage turns a golden-yellow in fall and generally remains on the tree for a while before all falling at once, making a gold carpet on the ground.

Why Grow Ginkgos

Many people grow ginkgo trees for their ornamental value. The trees are also easy to grow, needing only a sunny place with well-drained dirt. The trees grow well in the the country and the city. Ginkgo tree are virtually pest- and also disease-free. They bear heat, air pollution, acidic soils and alkaline soils as well as being resistant to oak root fungus. When growing female trees, then you can help reduce the odor by cleaning up the fallen fruit before it starts to rot.

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