Category: Eclectic Homes

Price of Furnishing a Nursery

Having a baby is an expensive endeavor: babies born in 2015 to middle-income parents from the U.S. will [price at least $242,000]( — every one — to increase to age 18. Babies, like weddings, are big business. Estimates vary by demographic and region, but new parents spend about [$6,000]( about nursery furniture, strollers, car seats, clothing, toys and more. That is a lot to wrap your mind around for such a little man, but a design budget of $50,000 can be spent only as easily as a more modest $1,000. Make a list of needs versus wants and set your budget before you begin.

Reduce, Reuse and Recycle

Chances are good that you know someone with kids past the nursery phase of existence who’s willing to sell or give you furniture. If the nursery items are in good shape, offer to buy one or more items. Some people could only give you their hand-me-downs. You may also visit consignment stores or thrift stores, but you probably won’t find any cribs because of stringent security criteria. All recent crib versions, regardless of brand or cost, must pass safety criteria to be sold in stores. Even with a brand new crib, it is possible to furnish your nursery for under $500 — if you shop carefully or buy used furniture that you paint.

Know When to Splurge

A safe crib and crib are a requirement; diaper bins, fancy switching tables and high-tech baby monitors aren’t. Yes, you can spend $1,000 on bedding, however, if your total budget is $1,500 — be smart. As long as your baby is clean, dry and warm, the baby won’t understand the difference between the ultra-luxury bedding along with also the big-box store variety. By sticking with the fundamentals of a crib, mattress, coordinated bedding, dresser, changing table and glider or rocker, the [average price]( in the time of publication is $1,079. This specifically includes: * Crib – $230 * Crib Mattress – $99 * Coordinated bedding set – $150 * Altering table – $120 * Glider or rocker – $230 * Dresser – $250

Furniture Convertibles

**Look in nursery purchasing as an investment by buying furniture that grows with your child**: a crib that transitions into a toddler bed, a daybed and finally a complete size bed; a bassinet that transitions into a toy container and bookshelf — and after a table and seat, and a changing table that can be taken out from the dresser top. While there are crib transition choices that can cost upwards of $2,500, there are also many that fall near the average crib cost. Take wall decor, accessories and lighting to consideration here, also. Opt for a more sophisticated look that rises with the child rather than cutesy for greater budget friendliness.

Wait Until After the Shower

New babies mean presents. If you want the more lavish things like the $5,000 crib, then the $1,000 chandelier and the $2,400 monogrammed area rug, place your wishes on a baby registry and wait until after the baby shower to purchase anything still missing you feel you have to have. First-time grandparents, aunts and uncles often pitch in for items that you need — such as that fantastic glider for nursing your baby. Baby showers bring clothes, toys, accessories and other little necessities. Signing up for a registry additionally prevents repeatedly answering what you need; only send the link and say thank you.

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The way to repair an LG Washing Machine With an LE Code

LG, the electronics and appliances conglomerate, manufactures a variety of high-efficiency washing machines. Whether you’ve got a front- or top-loading model, then your LG washer is equipped with an error-monitoring system. When the LE code appears in your screen, it indicates a problem with the motor. The problem can be linked to a number of different issues. In order to clean the error, determine which issue is at hand.

New Installation

The LE error code can appear in an LG drier’s screen if setup issues exist. It indicates a miscommunication between the clean motor and the control panel. Generally, you may simply reset the drier to solve the issue. Unplug your drier before pressing and holding the Start/Pause button for about five seconds. Plug it back in and set the washer to a rinse-spin cycle to find out whether the code has cleared. If the code reappears from the screen, contact LG in the phone number in your owner’s manual for aid.

Thermal Overload Protection

Your drier may display the LE code if the thermal overload protection circuit in the motor has been tripped. The attribute is designed to prevent the motor from overheating and causing irreversible damage to the drier. To clear the error code, the motor must cool down. Allow the drier to sit for about half an hour before restarting the cycle. If the code reappears, the motor may have an issue that needs a support call. Unplug your drier and contact LG.

Excess Suds

If your washer finds excessive soap suds from the drum, the LE error code may appear. Normally, excessive sudsing takes place when you use too much high-efficiency detergent or a detergent that is not especially high-efficiency detergent. Always follow the guidelines in your owner’s manual and on the soap label to determine what kind of detergent, and just how much, to utilize. To get rid of soap suds from the drum and clean the code, unplug your washer and let it sit for a half hour in order that the suds may dissolve. Plug the washing machine back in and turn it on, hitting on the Spin Speed button and then choosing “No Spin.” Press the Start/Pause button to turn on a drain just cycle. When the cycle is completed, remove the load from the bathtub. Begin a rinse-spin cycle to clean away any deposits. You may want to repeat the cycle to eliminate all the suds.

Load Issues

The LE error code may appear in an LG drier’s screen because of specific load conditions. If you are washing a massive load, then don’t pick a gentle cycle such as Delicates, Hand Wash, Perm Press or even Wool/Silk. Reserve them for smaller loads. To reset the drier, unplug it and then press on the Start/Pause button for five seconds before plugging it back in. The LE code may indicate that the washer has been overloaded; large loads and bulky items may strain the motor. Eliminate a few things from the drier to decrease the load size and then restart the cycle. If the code looks again, allow the drier sit for a half-hour therefore that the motor has time to cool down until you restart the cycle.

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A New Decorating Book Celebrates Expert Style Mixing

This selection of 16 projects by Stephen Sills will give your coffee table elegant touch and teach you hundreds of lessons on how best to mix styles with careful editing. Sills is one of America’s premier interior decorators, and the novel features his projects from Aspen to the Hamptons, in addition to his personal labour of love and also design laboratory: his house in Bedford, New York.

Though the book features houses where the sky appears to be the limitation concerning budget, there are many lessons to be learned from them. Additionally, the stunning photos, by François Halard, make the book a joy to pick up if you feel like performing any daydreaming.

Rizzoli New York

Raised in Oklahoma, Sills moved to New York City in the 1980s and honed his unique ability to equilibrium classical and modern elements. He is also an extremely keen shopper, collecting antiques and art from all over the world.

Calming yet energetic, traditional yet avant-garde, his style has been awarded the ultimate compliment: Karl Lagerfeld asserts if he purchased a house in America, Sills would be his choice as the interior designer. (He has also done work for very discerning style divas such as Anna Wintour, Vera Wang and Tina Turner.) Below are a few key design classes from the book which can be applied to almost any home.

Rizzoli New York

Make an effect in the entrance. Yes, I know, the entrance in this Gilded Age–inspired home is larger than a great deal of our whole dwellings, but the mix of elements is a lesson. The house was decorated with the owners’ extensive modern art collection in your mind, together with classical decoration supplying a background to enhance the pieces. Museum-quality antiques complement the museum-worthy paintings.

Sills made the unique rock and wood flooring after a middle-of-the-night revelation which the keys required to go in different directions. Architectural details such as the molding, French doors and arched elements include classical refinement.

Rizzoli New York

From the kitchen, consider work first, then equilibrium styles. This kitchen has modern purpose, complete with a large island, two sinks, two dishwashers and a table. To create a rustic, comfortable European-inspired farmhouse design, the subsequent elements mix in harmony. A neutral palette featuring biscuit-white paint, and warm wood flooring, tie them together.

European design: Rustic wood beams, a large vent hood, antique plates hung on the wall and a simple square tile backsplash.

Farmhouse design:
Bin pulls, an apron-front ceramic sink and Shaker cabinets.

Modern elements: Stainless steel appliances, a pot filler over the cooker, tulip-style dining chairs and a faceted pendant lighting.

Rizzoli New York

Play with scale until you get it right. This Fifth Avenue apartment has amazing classical proportions which required furniture to match.

High ceilings and huge windows with transoms that extend virtually all of the way to the ceiling highlight dramatic height in this bedroom. This meant the bed required to highlight these proportions as well; its warm metal complete and striking shape make it a focal point, while its elevation stands around the high ceilings. Swing-arm reading sconces keep the area about it uncluttered. Additionally, easy window treatments brought right up to the crown moldings highlight the window.

Rizzoli New York

“Modern living can be achieved in classical backgrounds,” writes Sills. This 1908 Renaissance revival landmark building in New York City, The Apthorp, was sliced up and revived; Sills was tasked with bringing it back to its original glory while adapting it for modern lifestyles. Excavating through renovations which had happened over the past century to get down the initial bones, Sills prioritized restoring the building’s first classical proportions and architectural information.

To upgrade the appearance, he bleached a few of the dark paneling and added modern lighting fixtures to “lift the whole thing up,” he says. In this event a habit gilded cage adds feel round a midcentury modern world light. Carefully placed antiques and a great deal of space lead to a pleasing balance. Items such as the French wooden display add depth, texture and color to the light-colored room.

Rizzoli New York

Create versatile spaces, especially if you entertain a great deal. Within this dining area, Sills used four square black lacquer small tables which can be pushed together into one big dining table or split apart for more intimate seating arrangements.

That is in the same building since the previous photo. The mid-century light fixture has been crafted by artist Christopher Trujillo from paper plates.

Rizzoli New York

Look to Europe for garden inspiration. Back in the day, architects, designers and landscape architects used to go to Europe to get “The Grand Tour,” gleaning inspiration in the excellent gardens of England, Italy and France. Now we can have a virtual Grand Tour free of charge, thanks to the Internet and the public library.

About Sills’ land in Bedford, New York, boxwood hedges, pathways, walls and patios create distinct backyard rooms and vantage points. Antique objects such as the obelisks in the end help specify different spaces, draw the eye and create driven perspective.

Rizzoli New York

At the end of the pool, American columns topped with French urns create a border between the pool area and the woods.

Rizzoli New York

Relaxed country style doesn’t need to imply classic Americana. Sills approached this traditional 18th-century saltbox house with his clients’ desire to get a lighter and more austere take on the age. American colonial architecture, European antiques and midcentury modern furnishings play nicely together.

Bleached oak plank flooring and a Swedish painted tea table include Scandinavian country simplicity. A classic French display and modern stools include unique character. Oversize green glass bottles having big leaves play with scale, and extensive windows bring the pastoral views to the room.

Rizzoli New York

A mirror is just one of the easiest ways to make a big design effect. Sills seeks large and unique mirrors for his design projects. While the remainder of this transitional area is tailored, this intricate Roman mirror is a standout among most of the clean-lined geometric bits, including the bronze fireplace surround below.

Sills frequently puts a mirror over a fireplace, so the full tableau becomes a focal point rather than just two strong elements dueling for focus.

Rizzoli New York

Permit a favourite work of art determine the colour palette and tone of a room. This home in Aspen, Colorado, is filled with iroko wood and hot neutrals, but a painting by Joan Mitchell amps up the colour palette. With his careful editor’s eye, Sills played the reds and blues with a few other colorful pieces scattered around the area.

Rizzoli New York

Stephen Sills: Decoration – $41

Stephen Sills: Decoration premiered October 22, 2013. If you are feeling generous, it would make a superb gift for the design enthusiast on your life.

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Bridging Past and Present in a California Craftsman

It is a problem every proprietor of a historic house faces: How do you change your life to adapt your residence? And just how much can you change your home to accommodate your lifetime?

When a California couple purchased a turn-of-the-last-century bungalow on a tight-knit Santa Monica street, they were charmed by the house’s period detailing and closeness to the shore. However, the dusky woodwork cast a gloomy pall over the inside, which was at odds with their modern tastes and set of fine art photography.

The group asked Los Angeles architect Erik Evens and Woodland Hills interior designer Alana Homesley to aid them with the house’s upgrade. A specialist in historic architecture, Evens balked at the idea of painting the vintage woodwork. “My initial response was to attempt to renew the public spaces into how they were,” Evens says. “Over time the customers and Alana brought me to the point of view this home required to work for the customers’ lifestyle and aesthetic.”

Treated into a revivifying coat of white paint, the walls and woodwork still have their historic character but now reflect light and improve the furniture and artwork. “Now that I have seen the final solution, it absolutely feels like the right decision,” Evens says. “The home straddles the line between traditional and contemporary.”

in a Glance
Who lives here: A professional couple and their 3 children
Location: Santa Monica, California
Size: 2,965 square feet; 4 bedrooms, 4 baths
That is intriguing: The houses in this area were originally built on sand dunes, together with boardwalks leading to every residence.

Evens Architects

The spacious front door opens directly into the living room, dividing the room into two seating areas. Here Brenda Anton wing chairs are paired with a lithe custom coffee table designed to evaporate into the setting. Bleached colors underscore the coastline setting without resorting to shore house clichés.

Evens Architects

The seats group is more informal on the opposite side of the living room, where a custom chaise was used instead of a sofa to preserve views of this fireplace. The chairs are from Christian Liaigre.

The living room ceiling felt especially low before the painting job, due to the unpleasant distinction between the brown white and wood coffers. Now that both are painted the exact same colour, one notices the craftsmanship, not only the contrast.

Evens Architects

The owners’ photographs set is exhibited on the plate rail in the dining area, where the original built-in buffet has been treated to a coat of paint. (The walls are probably painted Pith out of Martha Stewart Living, the programmer states; the trimming is your brand’s Bright White.)

Thecustomchairs are coated in a watery gray-blue Hampton linen in Mallard out of Rose Tarlow. “I like colours that aren’t easy to comprehend,” states Homesley. “I find it quite soothing, and I think it works very nicely with wood tones and with white”

Evens Architects

The chandelier is a modern creation from Lindsey Adelman. It is an unconventional choice for a Craftsman bungalow, but Homesley believed the room needed something funky and a bit sparkly to contrast with all the natural finishes.

Evens Architects

The kitchen”was pretty dreadful and seriously in need of updating,” Evens says. The plan team gutted the room, creating a generous fresh cooking area designed for food lovers who enjoy fun in their kitchen.

Industrial-style stools cozy up to an island covered with walnut butcher block and illuminated by a pair of vintage mercury glass pendants. New beams and tongue and groove paneling add curiosity overhead.

Evens Architects

The gray-blue colour introduced in the dining area continues in the kitchen, in the form of Dark Grey Whale subway tile out of Heath Ceramics. The counters are coated in Pietra del Cardoso, a sandstone that looks like bluestone but is stronger and more resistant to staining.

Shelves installed facing the windows screen the owners’ ceramics collection and filter views of the neighboring residence.

Evens Architects

Architect Evens was able to squeeze four bedrooms and three baths to the next floor by reconfiguring the staircase and including a dormer back. The master bedroom, shown here, was opened into the roofline and outfitted with structural ties along with a tongue and groove ceiling.

Evens Architects

Woven grass Conrad shades were used throughout the house. “We needed privacy, because the houses are so close together,” states Homesley,”but we did not wish to block out all the light”

The custom walnut credenza in the master bedroom has been created taller than ordinary, to look less modern.

Evens Architects

As you may expect from a house dating back to about 1903, the original master bathroom was considerably smaller. Evens borrowed space from adjoining chambers to create this fresh toilet, aspiring to something that was traditional but glossy. Horizontal planks produce a solid line around the room. The contractor for your remodel was Krassel Construction.

Evens Architects

The iron bathtub has its own nook; recessed shelves maintain toiletries close at hand.

Evens Architects

The extensive front porch promotes interaction with the street.

Evens Architects

Due to the area’s historic temperament, the architect was not allowed to change the house’s facade, save to get a fresh coat of paint.

Evens Architects

The houses on the street were originally built on sand dunes, with board boardwalks linking the homes into the street.

Front doorway bisects the living room, restricting the quantity and positioning of furniture. New glass pocket doors divide the dining area from the analysis; the neighboring stair hallway was reconfigured, also.

Click image to enlarge.

To fit four bedrooms and three baths in the next floor, Evens reconfigured the staircase, inserted a rear dormer and tucked cabinets beneath the eaves flanking the master bedroom. Bedrooms 2 and 3 share a frequent bathroom, conserving space.

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A Southern Vacation Home Trots Out Equestrian Style

When Terry Pylant, leader at Historical Concepts, came across a barn conversion in this client’s inspiration record for her family’s next home, the customer told him”I am attracted to this, but I don’t know whether I wish to stay in a barn.” Inspired by the notion and how this South Carolina land was near the horse stables in its private neighborhood, he designed a house that looks like an equestrian building, laid out in a manner which suits the family’s relaxed Lowcountry lifestyle. The house also has a dogtrot house design; separate zones for children, parents, in-laws and frequent use; and a few industrial details. Have a closer look at just how barn design wound up satisfying the customers just fine.

at a Glance
Who lives here: This is a vacation home for a family of 4
Location: Spring Island, South Carolina
Size: 2,900 square feet; 3 bedrooms, 31/2 bathrooms and also a 1-bedroom, 1-bath guesthouse

Historical Concepts

Big sliding barn doors and Bahama shutters punctuate front of the house and also let the owners batten it down when they head home to Princeton, New Jersey. The shutters function like Bermuda shutters but are planked to match in with barn design.

Historical Concepts

Historical Concepts

A cupola and dormers on the roof let in light and make ventilation, important elements in the home’s layout; the windows are open and operational via a motor.

Details like electrified gas lanterns, board and batten siding, a metal roof and exposed vent pipes add to the barn feeling.

Historical Concepts

Historical Concepts

The neighborhood required muted colours; Pylant chose a woodsy palette which blends well with the coastal trees and shrubs around the house. He added a bit of barn red in the window trim.

Paint colours: siding: Norwich Brown; trimming: Mountain Moss; windows: Georgia Brick, all by Benjamin Moore

Historical Concepts

Large barn doors open to the open dogtrot entrance area. (A dogtrot is an open breezeway, and dogtrot homes are common in Lowcountry.) Large displays are wrapped in pockets so the whole opening can be screened, allowing the breeze without letting in the bugs.

Historical Concepts

The dogtrot supplies an open-air entrance that receives light in the cupola overhead. A catwalk connects a bunk space to a sitting room/office upstairs.

“We maintained the catwalk as open as possible so that it didn’t block too much light in the cupola,” Pylant states. “The industrial texture is an interesting counterpoint to the barn fashion.”

A large fireplace draws everyone into the dogtrot during cold months. “The owners tell me that the dogtrot is a magnet for individuals each time they have parties,” he states.

Historical Concepts

The owners wanted the kitchen sink to look out to the dogtrot fireplace; windows share the light and make the idea of a horse stall. “I can’t tell you how essential the common light is in this house,” Pylant states.

Putting the sink on the dogtrot side dictated that the range be placed in the island, and the customers’ variety required a commercial vent hood.

Frustrated with all the options available (too contemporary or overly average ), Pylant wanted something big scale which looked like it had been fashioned from farm equipment. “Our builder, Monty Jones, is a true artisan,” he states. Jones had some metalworkers custom fabricate the drum using a standard commercial range insert. When asked about the finish, the owners instead enjoyed the fingerprints and discoloration and wanted to see what could happen if they just left it alone. Now it’s a exceptional patina that adds another dose of well-worn industrial fashion.

Historical Concepts

The upstairs windows share the light in the sitting room/office with all the downstairs living room.

“We couldn’t do a barn house and not utilize wide-planked pine floors,” Pylant states. He used 12-inch ponderosa pine planks, which stand up to kids and dogs.

Historical Concepts

In the primary living space, spacious planks on the walls include more barn feeling. “These are just pine planks butted up against each other,” Pylant states. “They maintain the simple, clean appearance that conveys the barn look through the interior.” Native Aged Savannah Gray bricks give the chimney an outdated appearance.

Additionally carrying the barn theme through are rough-hewn beams intended to evoke a hayloft.

Historical Concepts

Other parts of the house have concrete floors, for example, dining area, screened-in porch and dogtrot area. All the spaces flow in a logical manner; a few paces permit the family to choose between the indoor dining area and the screened-in porch at mealtimes.

Historical Concepts

Tall pine trees and the screened-in porch along the back of the house mitigate the direct sunshine.

Historical Concepts

The thoughtful design was quite important to the way the family lives here, especially when the children bring friends home. The children have a two-story zone on one side of the house, the communal areas are located at the center, and the parents have a first-floor master suite off the back of the house.

The upper floor would be the son’s domain; it includes a bedroom, a bunk room and a little sitting room (at the end of the catwalk) and a bath. “You will find a bunch of bunks; you can pile up children like a cord of wood,” Plyant states. Downstairs the girl has a bedroom, bath and sitting area.

Historical Concepts

This is the upstairs sitting area, which overlooks the living area. Each one of the great light coming in throughout the dormers is shared with the first floor.

The son’s and kid’s zones will also work when they develop, as guest suites where they can remain with families of their own.

Historical Concepts

On the back, the master suite is at the left; its arrangement is intended to resemble a secure supervisor’s office inserted onto the barn.

Historical Concepts

A glass corridor contributes to the main bedroom and a tiny office. Barn doors create the idea of rooms as former horse stalls.

“One means that vacation home offices differ is that they need to enjoy the view and light,” Pylant states.

Thanks to telecommuting, the family can spend long stints in South Carolina, but it was important for the workspace to also incorporate the gorgeous surroundings.

Historical Concepts

The parental zone also has its own private patio.

Historical Concepts

More pine planks on the walls, pine countertops and a claw-foot tub give this bath relaxed country style.

Historical Concepts

The property also includes a garage with storage area overhead. “The window is great, because no one wants to go as much as a dim and dank loft to locate something,” Pylant states.

There’s a garden between the garage and the guesthouse, which serves as a private space for seeing grandparents.

More: See more converted barns and barn-inspired houses

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The Narrowest House from the World?

Can you work, eat and sleep in a 48-inch-wide studio? This tiny Polish structure, wedged into a gap between two buildings, is 4 feet wide at its broadest point.

The construction serves as a workshop for Israeli author Etgar Keret. Designed by architect Jakub Szczęsny of Centrala, it takes up about 150 square feet of once-unused space, filling the gap between buildings with a tiny kitchenette, dining room, bathroom, bedroom and desk.

Studio at a Glance
Who works here: Etgar Keret
Location: Warsaw, Poland
Size: 150 square feet


Inspiration struck Szczęsny when he had been walking down this street. The gap between a postwar co-op building and also a prewar ex-Jewish tenement block instantly caught his eye. The two buildings begged for a certain kind of connection and Szczęsny desired to put something functional in between.

The structure blends in from the main street perspective. Access is concealed from the sidewalk with a 61/2-foot-high wall.


Of course, this narrow area presented lots of issues linked to Warsaw’s city building code, extending the construction time to approximately three years. Due to the building’s dimensions, function and location, the town chose to zone it as an art installation. Szczęsny completed the project in October 2012.

Visitors can access the building from a street set away from the main street. Steel stairs fall down, revealing the entry.


The building’s most important resident, author Etgar Keret, walks up the steps.


The gap between the two buildings is 60 inches at its widest and 28 inches at its narrowest. The triangular construction structure allowed Szczęsny to make the most of this narrow and uneven gap.



Everything needed to be stored to the basics. The structure is a steel cage position on two tunnel-like bases. The hollow bases permit present city heating pipes to pass underneath the building. The steel was coated with Kingspan insulated sandwich panels and full of nanofoam for additional insulation and fire protection.


The front and rear facades are made of translucent 20-millimeter-thick (.8 inches) polycarbonate, with two functional windows for cross ventilation. Although the narrow area could have rapidly become gloomy, the white side panels and polycarbonate facade allow for lots of light.


The steep stairs, accessed via a trapdoor in the floor, open up into the main living room.


A little bathroom — about the same size as a plane toilet — includes an open shower, a sink and a bathroom.


The kitchenette has the basics: electrical stove, sink, refrigerator and microwave. Water and heat come through a few of the buildings next door.


A tiny built-in dining room beyond the kitchenette has room for two.



A ladder leads from the living room to the working and sleeping compartment. The 35-inch-wide mattress (a little smaller than a double mattress) and a work desk capture lots of light from the translucent front facade.


Here Keret sits on the border of the sleeping platform — it’s just big enough to allow him sit comfortably. “That is a space for one individual to write and think away from individuals, but still be near to the world when necessary,” states Szczęsny.


Steel net on the side of the construction veils the two windows for privacy of the home. More photos from this project

Next: A Family Unwinds in 540 Square Feet

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Know Your House: Components of Efficient Walls

Two of the biggest improvements of the industrial revolution were that the mass production of dimensional lumber for framing, along with the nail. Not only did those 2 products allow to be constructed by the thousands, but they led to a style of architecture. Houses were constructed of rods, instead of heavy timbers or masonry.

From the early 19th century, with the start of stick-built homes, balloon framing became the standard. With this kind of framing, the exterior walls are constructed of wood studs which begin in the base’s sill plate and cease in the highest top plate. The wood studs which make up these partitions can therefore easily be 18 or more feet in length. Balloon framing died out only because of the unavailability of wood studs of such long spans.

Everything came about is stage framing, the process used to build wood-frame homes today. It depends on each story of a house being constructed as a stage so the exterior walls are constructed of wood studs no longer than about 10 or 12 feet.

Here’s a peek at a basic and traditional platform-frame exterior wall, as well as a version of this system which uses far less substance.

Related: Insulated Concrete-Form Construction | Post and Beam Construction

Bud Dietrich, AIA

Fundamental 2-by-4 framing. The most common way of building a wood-frame exterior wall is to use 2-by-4 wood studs spaced 16 inches in the center of one stud to the center of another. These studs are then fastened to a 2-by-4 bottom plate and a double 2-by-4 top plate. Corners have three studs so that there’s always a surface to fasten another material (drywall, sheathing etc.) onto.

Wood-frame walls like these can be easily constructed on the wood floor deck and tilted into place. Once tilted into place and made plumb (straight up and down), square and even (the corners are at 90 degrees or a different angle, based on the layout), these walls are firmly fastened to the ground structure.

Other than the framing needed for openings, like for doors and windows, the closing structural part of a wood-frame wall is the outside sheathing. Sheathing, usually OSB (oriented strand board) or plywood, is traditionally employed in most homes to help make the structure rigid so that the house doesn’t twist or rack.

This type of sheathing also gives a surface that siding could be attached to. You will find other substances, such as rigid insulating material, that can be used instead of OSB or plywood. Whenever these substances, which will increase energy efficiency, are used, structural rigidity will be accomplished through bracing or specific fasteners or other.

Bud Dietrich, AIA

Openings for doors and windows. To accommodate doors and windows, the framings of walls have framed rough openings. In reality, most manufacturers produce doors and windows that fit within a particular rough opening. Knowing the exact window and manufacturer is important in the planning stage so the carpenters build the walls as necessary.

The parts that form a rough opening are the king stud, jack stud (I would love to understand the origin of those terms), header, sill and cripple. Each piece has a job to perform. For example, the jack studs encourage the header, and the header is used to span the opening.

And it should be noted that using a typical 8-foot ceiling, the conventional 80-inch-high doorway fits neatly into a rough opening created out of a double 2-by-12 header. With the header positioned tightly against the underside of the double top plate, then the rough opening steps around 82 inches high. Even though this isn’t exactly the most effective use of substance (the header is often considerably bigger than required), it has become the standard because of its simplicity.

Bud Dietrich, AIA

Optimized framing. Wood framing began when wood was abundant and inexpensive, and a house’s thermal efficiency was not a consideration. As a result, traditional wood framing utilizes far more substance than it needs to, and also the typical 3.5-inch wall thickness doesn’t allow for as much insulation as is needed to get a thermally efficient residence.

More advanced framing techniques now use 2-by-6 wood studs instead of 2-by-4s, a single top plate and 2 studs instead of 3 stud corners. The advantages of utilizing 2-by-6s include:
Increased cavity space to accommodate more insulationStud spacing that’s 24 inches instead of 16 inches on center, resulting in less total materialTo ensure structural integrity and accommodate the installation of materials like drywall and sheathing, particular clips and connectors are developed for this particular framing approach. For example, alloy splice plates can seam together the only top plate.

Optimized framing additionally uses headers which are sized as needed to length door and window openings. As this has the advantage of reducing material costs, in addition, it achieves a distinct architectural appearance, as taller doors and windows could be had.

Next up in this series: the roof structure and how that defines the structure of your property.

More in Know Your Own House:
Post and Beam Construction
Insulated Concrete-Form ConstructionWhat Makes Up a House’s Foundation
What Makes Up a Floor Construction

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Man Space: A Guy Likes a Nice Closet

Take just about any closet space shared between a woman and man. The man’s portion will probably take up one of their distance, while the girl’s dominates the rest. Sure, we all guys know: You’ve got more things than we do (despite hating 95% of it and just needing to wear clothing).

But a man still needs his own well-designed and organized distance, also. Our style collection might not be as massive as most women’s, but it encompasses nearly as numerous categories: jewellery (ties, cuff links, rings); accessories (belts, pocket squares, watches); bags (briefcase, knapsack); and, yes, sneakers (work, play, exercise, summer, winter). And since you have made it crystal clear that the bathroom floor, hallway floor, bedroom floor, desk chair and kitchen counter tops are not appropriate storage alternatives, it all has to go somewhere.

The very best part of our transformation from apparel piles to organization is that lots of dudes are realizing that their closet is the one place where they can excercise a little personal style. Our girls might not want dark, classy wood along with a shoe-shining station in the living room for all the visitors to view, but we can still have a small bit of liberty in the closet.

Branca, Inc..

Custom closets vary from a few thousand bucks for a small corner area all the way up to an great walk-in for $200,000. But for some the splurge is well worth it. That’s because getting ready in the morning is a ritual. Whether you are heading to a job interview or an important meeting, or you only want to feel energized and confident throughout the day, choosing time to pick out the perfect outfit and wear it well is important.

Using a distance that keeps things organized makes this process easier. Here a pullout shelf and brass wall hook allow the homeowner display and select his outfit carefully, while rich, classy wood, a Persian-style rug along with a tufted foot stool help set the tone for your day.

Atlanta Closet & Storage Solutions

A closet doesn’t need to be on the top to make a big impact. David Buchsbaum at Atlanta Closet and Storage Solutions created this smart custom-made unit to perfectly match a corner area.

Since guys do not generally have long articles of clothing, piled double hangers for tops and trousers help maximize space and keep things organized. A oversize bottom drawer here’s really a pullout hamper.

Cost: About $1,200 to $1,500, such as installment

Boudreaux Design Studio

“Believe it or not, guys do have a lot of sneakers,” says Jessica Boudreaux, who designed this custom-made system to get a minimalist homeowner’s slim closet in Miami. Open shelves hold numerous pairs of sneakers, while pullout drawers have holders for multiple pairs of sunglasses, a must in Florida.

Boudreaux believes the closet is one area where guys can get creative with fashion. “You might love the colour green but do not want to do this colour on your living room, in which you entertain frequently,” she says. “But a closet can be a fun place to play up your character.”

Cost: Around $6,000

Tim Barber Ltd Architecture

Floor-to-ceiling storage units can turn tight and narrow spaces into absolutely coordinated solutions, while masculine materials and colors create a private, inviting area where guys can start and end their day.

Poliform USA

This freestanding unit with vertical panels by Senzafine is among the most well-known designs at Poliform, a company that produces custom closet spaces. Elena Sladkopevceva, a marketing partner at Poliform, says dark colors tend to work better for men’s cabinets. “They seem organized, along with the richness shows off the substances longer,” she says.

These units have inside light, are simple to install and include custom enhancements like glass doors, pullout hangers, drawers with coordinated dividers for cuff links and links, and even room for a briefcase.

Poliform USA

Poliform’s Ubik unit can also be popular. It attaches to a wall — unlike a modular unit — and comes without doors for simple access. The shelves have been melamine board, whereas the drawers are sold in eight different types of wood and lacquers in more than 30 colors and textures, such as leather.

Poliform USA

California Closets Twin Cities

“Men do have a taste for dark colors,” says Ginny Snook Scott, chief design officer at California Closets. Scott has been making custom cabinets for more than 25 years; she’s discovered that guys lean toward modern aesthetics to get a more streamlined and clean look without overpowering detail or decor, unlike girls, she says.

“Girls like more cubbies and containers,” she says. “Men want more open baskets and shelves they can see”

Smart and fashionable closet theories aren’t only for walk-ins. Custom modular units can turn into a tight place to a stunning area.

Cabinet Innovations

Having a place for each and every item is key to creating a walk-in cupboard. Suit trousers, for instance, are always the bane of a guy’s existence. Twist and hang them wrong, and you’ll receive awkward, messy creases up and down the pant legs. Hang them correctly, and they’ll remain neatly pressed.

This hideaway pullout for match trousers keeps each pair only far enough apart for them to remain immaculately folded.

Richard Ross Designs

Sure, hanging all of your knotted ties on a single hanger and then shoving it in your closet worked when you were in school and owned department store ties. But expensive wool and silk ties can’t take that sort of misuse.

Custom drawers, revealed here and below, keep them wrinkle free and simple to access.

Twin Cities Closet Co..

Cabinet Innovations

This vertical drawer creates an organized mini wall for ties and other accessories.

Cabinet Innovations

In precisely the exact same area, acrylic dividers keep undershirts and socks colour coordinated and coordinated.

Cabinet Innovations

Meanwhile, a clever wooden plank folds out to make a shoe-shine station.

Cabinet Innovations

And figurines create suit jackets easy store to get a clean look and to rifle through.

The Closet Lady/Manhattan Murphy Bed Inc..

Even a few straightforward options for hanging trousers, ties and shirts can turn an average closet into a fashionable space.

Hall Developments

Richard Ross Designs

If your wardrobe does not contain dozens of matches, smart storage can still jazz up your closet.

TransFORM | The Art of Custom Storage

Small closets get the most benefit from high-minded design. This cool sliding door helps hide a perfectly organized area.

Jill Greaves Design

With graphic carpet, rich wood, marble flooring, cool light and black and white photographs, this closet and the one over rival any ritzy country club.

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A Rock 'n' Roll Dad's Pad Understands a Tune-up

Single daddy Dave Hepler spent the ’90s as a drummer in the rock band Inch, but after performing the Lollapalooza tour and having a song featured in a Ben Stiller movie, he’s traded in his drumsticks for a briefcase to practice law in Portland, Oregon.

Today the proud owner of a midcentury ranch, Hepler has made small renovations and improvements to update his house. Corrugated steel siding, a fresh design and a spacious backyard turned this easy space into a contemporary home that’s perfectly suited to children, rock stars and attorneys alike.

in a Glance
Who lives here: Dave Hepler, daughters Lela and Sydney, along with cat Red
Location: Portland, Oregon
Size: 2,400 square feet; 3 bedrooms, two baths
That’s intriguing: Dave grows his own hops for home beer brewing.

John Prindle

The ranch house exterior shines with corrugated steel panels. Still, the house blends into the landscape, which Hepler is steering toward a native planting plot. He added tall native grasses; the English ivy and blackberry are about to be eliminated.

John Prindle

Hepler eliminated the home’s authentic teal columns and rebuilt the entry with the corrugated steel complete and open windows. “People either love [the steel] or despise it,” he says. “I’ve gotten a lot of strong responses. People don’t really know what to make of it”

John Prindle

A retro-cool Natuzzi leather couch, burl redwood coffee table along with shag rug offset huge windows in the understated living area. Repainted dark ceiling beams contrast a white ceiling. Cedar wall paneling creates spaces for recessed lighting.

John Prindle

The house was built in 1946 by an architect who lived there for over 30 years. Thin glass initially filled the home’s big, wood-framed windows. Hepler had thicker panes installed, as well as aluminum frames along with an elegant sliding curtain. This piece of glass alone weighs 700 pounds!

John Prindle

Hepler discovered this amusement center in a thrift shop in San Diego. The reel-to-reel setup as well as the LP turntable take priority on contemporary electronics, as well as the Gibson SG guitar shows that Hepler hasn’t fully abandoned stone ‘n’ roll. He is teaching among his brothers to perform.

John Prindle

A classic dining room table expands to double in size for easy fun.

Like panes in a fish tank, the pieces of the home’s authentic L-shape corner window join invisibly.

Dining room seats: Urban Chair, Ikea

John Prindle

A closer view of the “fish tank” window.

Pendant lamp: Ikea

John Prindle

The kitchen’s stainless steel countertop and electrical range came with the house. Hepler added a dual-fuel using two electric ovens and a gas stove between Basco Applicances.

He also updated the flooring with environmentally friendly and affordable cork.

Flooring: Lumber Liquidators

John Prindle

Deep skylights illuminate a long hallway leading to the garage. “I love negative space and have no plans to hang on anything in the hall,” says Hepler. “I love it’s simply a bright, clean passageway.”

John Prindle

The home office has a lot of those novels you’d expect to find in a writer’s area, including works by Poe, Hawthorne and Tolstoy. “While I majored in literature, I just write legal records,” Hepler says.

You’ll discover musical instruments in virtually every room. An acoustic guitar hangs on the accent wall and an African doumbek drum sits on the bottom shelf of the bookcase.

John Prindle

Hepler constructed this small freestanding, soundproof drum space in a corner of this 1,000-square-foot garage. He along with his daughter painted the cheerful stripes. He eventually wants to set up a small recording studio.

John Prindle

The backyard is private and spacious. One side boundaries a quiet park, and on the flip side, the nearest neighboring house hides behind thick trees and shrubs. The patio and the barbecue area provide lots of space for outside entertaining.

Table: Cost Plus World Market

John Prindle

A natural gas line in the new slate outside entertaining area feeds the stainless steel grill. An electrical smoker and a charcoal grill pit provide Hepler all the barbecue options he could ever need.

Electric smoker: CookShack

John Prindle

The steel siding on the front part of the house flows to sections of the rear exterior too.

The firewood is by a hazardous tree that Hepler needed to cut down last year. It’s just about completed curing and will be employed to warm the house this winter.

John Prindle

Portland is known for its artisan beer and coffee, and Hepler enjoys both. These strands of hops grow from the ground all the way to the roof. He has some brewing gear in the garage but plans to use this year’s jumps harvest at Portland’s U-Brew and Pub. “They have much better equipment than I do, enabling me to roll up with a bag of hops and a couple of friends for a societal brewing session on their premises.”

Hepler also has a tiny coffee-roasting company called Bean Boy, plus he roasts nearly daily for friends, family as well as himself.

Do you have a creative, music-friendly house? Share it with us!

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'Yakisugi-ita' Is Placing the Siding World on Fire

High design and Far East tradition garnish with the dark, dramatic Japanese siding made by a procedure called yakisugi-ita (also known as shou-sugi-ban). Translated as “the burning of Western cypress (sugi),” yakisugi-ita is gaining popularity outside Japan, as the procedure leaves wood almost maintenance free and makes it resistant to fire, rot and pests. Siding created by this method has an expected life span of over 80 decades, because of a protective coating made by carbon released during burning.

Carbonized (that is, charred) siding is a strong statement and, as such, is ideal for simple forms and details that allow the dramatic finish to take center stage. The charred siding of this Prescott Passive House above overlooks the handsome restraint of this form.

The home is a product of an innovative non-profit design/build program, Studio 804, for graduate students at the University of Kansas School of Architecture. The students design and build one project every year, with an emphasis on sustainable, affordable and innovative building solutions.

This former backyard shed, now an office, designed by THOUGHTBARN, efficiently plays with form and materials, rooting the streamlined arrangement using charred siding. The darkish siding is topped with light-diffusing polycarbonate sheets and a cherry roof. Western red cedar was carbonized for both the building and the fence.

An Amsterdam residence becomes playful with contrasts, with brighter planks of wood layered between the siding.

The Process

First the wood is burned either using a torch or by more conventional techniques.

The scorched wood is subsequently doused with water and brushed to remove the charcoal dust, revealing a slightly silver sheen.

Finally the charred wood is washed and dried. It can be left with no finish, or an oil can be implemented to bring out the gray, sliver, black or brown tones.

Delta Lumber & Millworks

This handsome and powerful cladding has gained international appeal, together with the treatment being applied to a wide variety of wood. While some species can be charred, the consequent look will be different. A softwood, such as the Western sugi (cypress), has prominent growth rings which lead to an extremely textured surface, whereas charring hardwood leads to an evenly blackened surface.

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